What is Shared Hosting?
Shared hosting is the most shared form of Website hosting obtainable. Since its first turn up on the Internet it has made Websites possible for many small businesses and individuals. The reason it’s called shared hosting is because the Website is located on a server with many other Websites. consequently the cost in maintenance and upkeep of the servers are divided among multiple users. Bringing the overall cost of running a Website right down and making it an affordable and viable option for already the smallest one man businesses or individuals.
What operating systems are usually used in Shared great number environments?
The more preferred operating systems in use for shared hosts are generally Linux Fedora, Debian and FreeBSD. However there are commercial operating systems such as Microsoft 2008 Server also used, Despite the considerably higher costs involved. A general and often shared misunderstanding is that a Website made on a Windows OS needs to have a shared windows server hosting it. However this is not a reality. A Linux based server will work just fine if not better usually. Except for in very specific circumstances. One of these being when making use of MSSQL databases which do require a windows system to install and use the database.
What control panels are used in Shared Hosting?
CPanel is by far the most popular control panel in the shared hosting world. Followed closely by Parallels Plesk and Direct Admin all those mentioned are proprietary control panels used in shared hosting environments all over the Internet. A good open source different is also obtainable for Linux users known as ISPconfig which is a good way for Web Masters and Designers to develop websites on a local machine before deploying them to there respective shared hosting packages. Windows users do not have to feel left out as XAMPP will deploy a fully working WAMP stack for you to use in a matter of minutes.
How does Shared Hosting work?
In shared hosting environments the service provider is responsible for administration of root required applications in addition as installation of SSL certificates and other system packages. Important to observe is each Website is hosted on it’s very own separate portion of the server and restricted by a quota system so users do not end up using resources usually reserved for other Websites on the same server. Most obtain web hosting providers make use of Chroot jails with Web application firewalls in addition for additional security against Website compromise.
Apache vs IIS as a web server which is better?
At the time this article was written 53.84% of all the Websites hosted around the Globe use Apache web server. The reasoning behind this is first reliability. Apache is one of the greatest open source success stories of all time. The Apache Software Foundation recently famous its eleventh birthday. Till today it continues to enjoy market proportion of more than 50%. While its closest competitor IIS only holds half of that at a insignificant 24.08% and it’s understandably so. In the web hosting industry web masters require stable solutions that perform well consistently. To that end Apache delivers and it delivers especially well for Linux shared hosting providers. It’s age and stability where paramount to making the Internet what it is today. That being said Nginx the HTTP reverse proxy server is easily the best in it’s class at what it does in addition.
That said however IIS is not to be taken for granted for its default install short comings. As it can be improved greatly with modules obtainable from companies such as Helicontech with their Hotlink Blocker and ISAPI Rewrite 3 extensions which come highly recommended.